art and crafts
Bacino (Basin): an artificial widening among the channels used for the stationing of the gondolas.
Borgoloco: areas of the city where there were hotels or inns.
Calle: street, comes from the latin callis (trail).
Campiello: small square or widening.
Campo: square. They are all called Campo (field) a part form Piazza St. Mark, since in the past they were all covered with grass and/or used for burials.
Capitello (Capital): Christian religious architecture, usually small, that comes from a popular cult handed down through the centuries. Normally a capital is built as a votive offering for an escaped danger, as a famine or a plague, but also as a means of aggregation of the Christian community.
Corte: small square or widening usually with a single access.
Fondamenta (Bank): street between a channel and the houses.
Lista: street close to a building of a foreign embassy.
Merceria: street with shops.
Nizioleto: road signs typical of Venice, created by painting directly on walls and plaster of the houses, with white background enclosed in a black box (hence nizioleto that is, small blanket), on which is written the signpost.
Paterae: ornamental relief of circular shape made of Istrian stone or Greek marble dating from the Byzantine period. Can be found on many facades of Venetian houses and usually represents animals, lions and birds.
Piscina (Pool): part of channel where the water remained stagnant, now generally all buried.
Ramo: branch of a street.
Rio: small channel, from the latin word rivus.
Rio Terà: street obtained buring a channel. Often the shape of the previous channel is still visible.
Riva: street facing the lagoon or on the Grand Canal.
Ruga: average width streets, lined on both sides by houses and shops.
Sacca: blind street.
Salizada: were the first streets to be paved.
Sottoportico(sotoportego): part of the road that passes under a building.
S.Alvise: San Ludovico.
S.Aponal: St. Apollinaris.
S.Bortolomio: St. Bartholomew.
S.Basegio: San Basil.
S.Boldo: St. Ubaldo.
S.Zan Degolà: St. John behaded.
S.Lio: San Leo.
S.Marcuola: St. Ermagora and Fortunato.
S.Marcilian: St. Martial.
S.Paternian: St. Paterniano.
S.Polo: St. Paul.
S.Provolo: St. Proloco.
S.Simeon Grande: St. Simon the Prophet.
S.Simeon Piccolo: St. Simon and Jude Apostles.
S.Stae: St. Eustache.
S.Stin: St. Stefanino.
S.Ternita: Holy Trinity.
S.Tomà: St. Thomas the Apostle.
S.Trovaso: St. Gervasio and Protasio.
S.Vidal: St. Vitale.
S.Vio: St. Vito and Modesto.
■ mb, 2014-04-06
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